While category 4 hurricane, Matthew approaches and threatens Haiti, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) through its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) implemented since July 2010, reveals in its latest report dated 30 September 2016, that 14,593 household or 55,107 people (Internally Displaced persons (IDPs)) are still living in camps and/or hosting sites in Haiti. All these families are in a situation of extreme vulnerability under tents or T-Shelters, face the powerful winds and torrential rains expected
Situation in figures on September 30, 2016 :
Number of households and IDPs :
The 3 communes with the highest IDP population are the following:
1. Delmas: 8,249 households corresponding 27,384 individuals;
2. Croix-des-Bouquets: 2,474 households corresponding to 10,806 individuals;
3. Léogane: 813 households corresponding to 3,274 individuals;
Number of camps and camp-like settlements :
The 4 communes with the highest number of IDP sites are the following:
1. Delmas: 9 IDP sites
2. Léogane: 6 IDP sites
3. Croix-des-Bouquets and Tabarre: with 5 sites each.
14 sites are almost entirely made up of tents.
17 sites have a percentage of 60% or more of T-Shelters.
Decrease in the number of displaced people in camps :
When comparing the figures from the 27th round of the DTM to the IDP figures from 2010, a net decrease of 346,924 of the total households (or 1,481,340 individuals) identified in 2010, can be observed. Furthermore, this also represents a decrease of 1,524 sites compared to July 2010, during the height of the internal displacement in Haiti.
Since July 2010, the IDP household population has decreased by 96%.
During this reporting period, 2 camps have been reported as closed, whereby a total of 31 households (representing 98 individuals) were relocated through the return program. Furthermore, there were no evictions during this round of DTM assessments.